Area 5: Synthesis, processing and scaling of advanced functional materials (SPE)

Area description

This area is based on the design, synthesis, processing and scaling of new functional materials for different applications (energy and environment, biomedicine, electronics, communication and information).


Deputy - coordinator

DESCRIPTION: Research in this line is focused on the stages of design and synthesis of the constituent units of functional materials, meeting the requirements of their final property(ies). Organic chemistry offers infinite possibilities in this field using strategies of covalent chemistry, as well as supramolecular chemistry. These strategies have been efficiently exploited for the development of new molecules and macromolecules with defined properties.
  • Combined systems with applications in ONL and third generation solar cells (dye-sensitized (DSSC) and organic solar cells) and their implementation in photovoltaic devices.
  • Application of theoretical calculations (at different levels) for the design of molecules and prediction of properties.
  • Self-organizing functional molecules. Control of molecular order through liquid crystal phases. Supramolecular liquid crystals. Non-covalent interactions as support for molecular order.
  • Development of liquid crystal polymers and photoactive block copolymers with control of their thermal and mechanical properties.
  • Development of dendrimers as a structural tool to obtain supramolecular or supermolecular organizations capable of performing active functions in two fields of application: Advanced Materials and Biomedicine.
DESCRIPTION: Research in this line is focused on the processing of advanced functional materials from the nano to micro scale with applications in fields as disparate as biomedicine, energy or electronics.
  • Manufacture of molecular assemblies and nanomaterials using “bottom-up” techniques (Langmuir-Blodgett, Self-Assembly and Electrografting).
  • Hybrid assemblies of DNA/lipid vesicles with response to physical and chemical stimuli.
  • Interfacial formation of 2D metal-organic network nanodomains (MOFs)
  • Construction of two-dimensional organic and metal organic networks by self-assembly.
  • Sensing of volatile organic gases and vapors by means of nanoparticles of porous metal-organic materials (MOFs)
  • Manufacture of nanostructured electrodes for (photo)-electrochemical processes.
  • Construction of biosensors using nanopore technology.
  • Holographic recording on light-sensitive block copolymers
  • Photoorientation of liquid crystals. Applications in nanolithography
  • Development of advanced manufacturing techniques.
  • Processing of polymers into fibers using the electrospinning technique
  • Chemical modification of surfaces in the finished product. Hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity.

DESCRIPTION: Design, processing and characterization of new materials for structural and functional applications (energy, environment, biomedical engineering, photonics and optics).

  • Generation of microstructured ceramics through directional/surface solidification of eutectics to improve mechanical and thermo-mechanical properties, modification of optical (transparency, metamaterials, selective emitters), conductive, bioceramic or electrochemical properties.
  • The techinique called laser oven has been patented in which ceramic and glass pieces can be treated with a laser inside an oven, reducing the thermal stresses generated in the process. It has been applied to the processing of ceramic materials and glasses by directional fusion.
  • Modification of surfaces with laser treatments with pulsed lasers (fusion, ablation), obtaining surface micro and nanostructures to provide them with new functionalities such as hydrophobicity, self-cleaning surfaces, polishing, low friction, corrosion control, alloying, incorporation of dopants in a controlled atmosphere , machining, micro/nanopatterning or antibacterial properties, among others.
  • Integration of laser technologies in industrial processes that are more respectful of the environment, with low energy consumption and high efficiency.
  • Microstructuring, machining and marking of polymers and soft materials: laser interference patterning, carving of intraocular lenses.
  • Synthesis, Processing and Scaling of Advanced Functional Materials. Synthesis of core@shell nanoparticles by scanning LA-PLA (pulsed laser ablation in liquid medium). Fabrication of stable colloidal solutions of multi-modal nanoparticles from laser ablation of targets of controlled composition.
  • Development of techniques for surface cleaning of materials by laser ablation for application in the field of conservation of Cultural Heritage.

DESCRIPTION: The line of research is focused on the large-scale, continuous production of functional nanomaterials mainly using wet chemical reactions in continuous microfluidic reactors and also by pyrolysis of gaseous precursors. The objective of the line is to take a first step in a potential industrial transfer to the INMA developments as well as to solve the polydispersity and batch-to-batch discontinuity characteristic of traditional discontinuous syntheses.

  • Development of an automated system for the synthesis of nanoparticles by laser-induced pyrolysis of chemical precursors in the gas phase and/or aerosols.
  • Development of various platforms and auxiliary synthesis systems, from chemical precursors in liquid phase using microfluidic reactors.
  • Design and manufacture of ad hoc microfluidic reactors and micromixers.
  • There is also the Nanoparticle Synthesis Unit, which is one of the Units that make up the CIBER-BBN Platform for the Production of Biomaterials and Nanoparticles, which offers the synthesis service to the scientific community. A wide range of inorganic nanomaterials, polymeric materials and/or hybrid nanocomposites with controlled porosity, microstructure and magnetic, optical and/or surface properties are produced.

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